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I’m in Shelfies

With my head down working on the Sunvault release, I missed it at the time, but Bill Kieffer posted an interview with me at Underground Book Reviews back in May!

Save National Monuments

A number of national monuments are in danger of losing their protections from new development, like oil and gas drilling. At the direction of President Trump via executive orders 13792 (“Review of Designations Under the Antiquities Act”) and 13795 (“Implementing an America-First Offshore Energy Strategy”), some national monuments are being reviewed by the U.S. Department of the Interior, including Arizona’s Grand Canyon-Parashant, California’s Mojave Trails and Giant Sequoia, Colorado’s Canyons of the Ancients, Hawaii’s Papahanaumokuakea, Idaho’s Craters of the Moon, Maine’s Katahdin Woods and Waters, New Mexico’s Rio Grande del Norte, Washington’s Hanford Reach, the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts in the Atlantic Ocean, and the Marianas Trench in the Pacific. Utah’s Bears Ears National Monument will receive special attention and has a shorter comment period.

Comments may be submitted online at http://www.regulations.gov by entering “DOI-2017-0002” in the Search bar and clicking “Search,” or by mail to Monument Review, MS-1530, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1849 C Street NW, Washington, DC 20240.

For the Bears Ears National Monument, comments must be submitted before May 26 (notice in the Federal Register). Written comments for all other monuments must be submitted before July 10, 2017.

 

Background

 

It’s unprecedented (and legally untested) for a president to repeal existing monuments, and puts at risk not only these particular monuments, but potentially the Antiquities Act of 1906 itself.

Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke is meeting with Phil Lyman, who was among those charged with breaking federal law by riding off-road vehicles through native sacred area Recapture Canyon, but is holding at arms-length the Native American nations who spearheaded the effort to create the Bears Ears monument in southern Utah, and putting the Resource Advisory Councils (citizen-appointed groups who weigh in on Bureau of Land Management decisions) on hold for the summer. The postponement of Resource Advisory Council meetings exactly coincides with the window of time for monument evaluations, shutting local stakeholders out of the process.

Taken all together, it’s obvious that Zinke is attempting to stack the comments in favor of the logging, mining, and oil and gas companies who want to exploit these public lands.

Trump states that he issued the executive orders to “end another egregious abuse of federal power, and to give that power back to the states and to the people,” but (while the Act has no written requirement for public input or Congressional approval) typically national monuments are only designated after lengthy periods of public input and considerable lobbying by native nations or by historical, archeological, or environmental societies.

Write to the U.S. Department of the Interior to ask them to leave these national monument designations unaffected. These are places that are important to the environment, to the cultural heritage of the country (especially the cultural heritage of Native Americans), and critical to the economy left just as they are. According to the Sierra Club, “Protected outdoor spaces drive the outdoor recreation economy which supports 7.6 million jobs and generates $887 billion in consumer spending each year. National monuments and public lands are vital both for the history they preserve and the future they offer.”

 

 

My friend Roz Spafford came up with a frame for a letter. Please customize this as much as you can with personal details and a few of the bullet points listed below.

The full list of national monuments being reviewed (at least so far), talking points for each location, and sources, are all listed below. Where you have personal experience with a monument, please stress that in your comments.

Thanks for being here with me in fighting this appalling handout to energy companies at the expense of the nation.

 

Sample Letter

Monument Review
MS-1530
U.S. Department of the Interior
1849 C Street NW
Washington, DC 20240

 
Attention: Secretary Zinke
 

Thank you for taking account of public interest in national monuments [or something else respectful, not outraged].

I am very much in favor of keeping [name of monument] exactly as designated [or another summary statement of your position]. I have carefully reviewed the [Final Soda Mountain Wilderness Stewardship Plan – substitute appropriate name] and noted that local people, [including land owners, hunters, fishermen, and hikers – substitute appropriate groups], indigenous people with a connection to the land, and business people in the area were systematically consulted, and their interests represented in the final decision. [Edit as appropriate or use bullet points below relating to the monument you are writing about: Not only was the public consulted as the plan was being constructed, but they had the opportunity to appeal once the draft plan was produced. Fire suppression, trail maintenance, access for disabled persons, water preservation, and many other issues were taken into account.]

[Name of monument] is […whatever is notable about it] and I [have visited it in the past/hope to visit it next year]. [If you have any particular information based on visits to the place, or want to include any talking points from the list above, note it here.]

[Name of monument] should be preserved as is so that future generations will have the opportunity to use the land; a decision to change the designation in some way to permit resource extraction would preclude many future uses. I urge you to preserve it intact for all Americans.

Regards,
[you]
[your address]

 

National Monuments Under Threat

 

Basin and Range (Nevada):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Bears Ears (Utah):

Sources: Header Economics; Bears Ears Intertribal Coalition; Sierra Club press release

  • Bears Ears is home to centuries’ worth of irreplaceable cultural artifacts including cliff dwellings, hogans, and pictographs.
  • The U.S. Department of the Interior’s 12/28/2016 press release about the designation of this monument stated in part that then-Interior Secretary Sally Jewell attended “a public meeting where the majority of an overflow crowd encouraged permanent protection for this iconic landscape,” that “Native American tribes whose ancestral lands include the Bears Ears area advocated for permanent protection, led by the Bears Ears Inter-Tribal Coalition made up of the Hopi Nation, Navajo Nation, Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah Ouray, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, and Zuni Tribe,” and that other supporters “include elected officials in Utah, national and local conservation groups, archaeologists, and faith-based organizations. Recreationists strongly support the monument, which will protect the area’s world-class rock climbing, hunting, backpacking, whitewater rafting, mountain biking, and off-highway vehicle recreation—activities that will continue to be a source of economic growth for southeastern Utah.”
  • The U.S. Department of the Interior’s 12/28/2016 press release about the designation of this monument called it “one of the richest cultural landscapes in the United States, with thousands of archaeological sites and areas of spiritual significance.”
  • The U.S. Department of the Interior’s 12/28/2016 press release about the designation of this monument quoted Navajo Nation President Russell Begaye as saying, “The land has always been a place of sacredness and fortitude for our people. Now it will be preserved for all future generations.”
  • The Bears Ears National Monument is comprised exclusively of existing federal lands.
  • The Bears Ears Intertribal Coalition (https://bearsearscoalition.org), which proposed the monument designation, notes that the Navajo people have a term for places that are the least disturbed and most biodiverse: “we call them
    Nahodishgish, or ‘places to be left alone.'”
  • In 2014, Headwaters Economics found that rural counties with 30% or more land with federal protection enjoyed 262% more job growth over the last 40 years than rural counties without.

Berryessa Snow Mountain (California):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Canyons of the Ancients (Colorado):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Carrizo Plain (California):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Cascade-Siskiyou (Oregon):

Sources: Soda Mountain Wilderness Final Stewardship Plan (PDF); Cascade-Siskiyou: Visitor Information; Friends of Cascade-Siskiyou; Archaeological Investigations of the Siskiyou Trail Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument Jackson County, Southern Oregon University; Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument: A Summary of Economic Performance in the Surrounding Communities

  • Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument lies at the convergence of three geologically-distinct mountain ranges, resulting in an area with remarkable biological diversity and a tremendously varied landscape.
  • Many archaeological and historical sites are also found throughout the Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument, providing clues to Native American use of the area and tracing portions of the historic Oregon/California Trail, which has been in use throughout recorded history by local tribes, and then later as a fur trader route, gold miner’s pack trail, and emigrant wagon road. Beginning in the 1820s, this trail linked the burgeoning Euro-American settlers of the Willamette Valley with the Sacramento Valley/San Francisco area.
  • Southern Oregon University archeologists note the importance of the Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument’s Oregon/California Trail: “The trail likely was used by Shasta and Takelma people for millennia, and Indian people guided the Hudson’s Bay Company fur trapper Peter Skene Ogden over the summit in 1827. After being used as a fur trader’s route, the trail was ‘opened’ by Ewing Young in the 1830s, when he drove cattle over the summit from California to provision (in the face of English interests) the burgeoning American settlements in the Willamette Valley. The trail was also the route taken by thousands of White Oregonians following the discovery of gold in northern California in 1848, and the ‘gold rush’ in turn spurred the settlement of the Rogue River valley. The Siskiyou Summit was one arena of conflict during the Rogue River wars, as Indians and Pioneers fought over possession of the State of Jefferson. In the final decades of the 19th century, development of the trail mirrored the attempts by the victorious Americans to integrate themselves into a larger, capitalist, landscape: the trail was re-engineered and re-plotted as a toll/stage road in 1860; a telegraph line was completed in 1864; and the SouthernPacific Railroad was completed in 1887.”
  • After the 2000 designation of the monument, the population of the Jackson County communities neighboring the Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument grew by 10%. Jobs grew by 16%; real per-capita income by 8%; and real personal income by 19%. In general, Western counties with protected public lands, like national monuments, are more successful at attracting economic investment, new residents, and tourists, and as a result grow more quickly than counties without protected public lands. Protected natural scenery also helps sustain property values.

Craters of the Moon (Idaho):

Sources: National Park Service: Craters of the Moon;

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Giant Sequoia (California):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Gold Butte (Nevada):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Grand Canyon-Parashant (Arizona):

Sources: National Park Service: Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument
Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument Long-Range Interpretive Plan (pdf); Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument : record of decision, approved resource management plan by United States. Bureau of Land Management. Arizona Strip District; United States. National Park Service; Lake Mead National Recreation Area (Agency : U.S.)

  • The Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument was established on January 11, 2000, through Presidential Proclamation 7265. It is jointly managed by the Bureau of Land Management and the National Park Service.
  • The Monument covers a million acres in the far Northwest corner in Mohave County, Arizona. The interior of the Monument has no paved roads or visitor services; entrance is by way of St. George, Utah.
  • The area preserves a unique archaeological record of the Pueblo and Southern Paiute people, going back 11,000 years, and continues to be important to the Southern Paiute people.
  • It also preserves historical ranches and mining sites, recording a way of life quickly disappearing.
  • The Monument is home to the desert tortoise, the California condor and other endangered species.
  • It contains and protects an important watershed for the Colorado River.
  • It contains unique geological features created by volcanic activity and erosion by the Colorado River.
  • The Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument is unique in that while parts of it consist of isolated high desert, other areas permit cattle grazing, and indeed some 15,000 cattle are currently run in the area.
  • The Monument contains the Lake Mead Recreation Area, a rare and important location for Mohave County residents to boat, swim, fish, and relax.
  • There was minimal opposition to the environmental impact report for the Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument; only seven letters of protest were filed—and several of these advocated for more, not less protection of the area.
  • Concern over this monument may reflect widespread objections to the similarly-named proposed Grand Canyon Watershed National Monument, which would have prevented uranium mining in the area of the Grand Canyon and given Native American tribes more authority over the area. President Obama declined to establish that monument and so it is especially important that this one be preserved.

Grand Staircase-Escalante (Utah):

Sources: http://gsenm.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Facts-and-talking-points.pdf
Header Economics;

  • The Wilderness Society quotes the Utah Geological Association stating, “Nowhere else in the world are the rocks and geologic features so well exposed, so brilliantly colored, and so excitingly displayed.”
  • The Grand Staircase preserves Native American and Mormon Settler heritage.
  • There has been continued access for hunting, fishing and grazing within the Monument.
  • The Monument, touted as one of Utah’s prime attractions, is popular among Utah residents. A 2011 poll of registered Utah voters by Republicans for Environment Protection found that 69% believe the Grand Staircase is good for Utah, and 62% believe it’s a significant economic benefit.
  • According to Bureau of Land Management figures, the Escalante Visitor Center saw a 51% increase in
    visitation from 2015 to 2016. 2016 tourism taxes for the two counties that house the Grand Staircase, Garfield and Kane, totaled nearly $4.6 million.
  • In 2014, Headwaters Economics found that rural counties with 30% or more land with federal protection enjoyed 262% more job growth over the last 40 years than rural counties without.

Hanford Reach (Washington):

Sources: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service: Hanford Reach National Monument | Washington

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Ironwood Forest (Arizona):

Sources: The importance of Olneya tesota as a nurse plant in the Sonoran Desert (Journal of Vegetation Science); Friends of Ironwood Forest: About: History; Desert Ironwood Primer; Ironwood Forest National Monument: A Summary of Economic Performance in the Surrounding Communities

  • The Monument has evidence of approximately 8,000 years of human history, including evidence of campsites and villages occupied by the Hohokam and the Tohono O’odham.
  • The Monument is named for the densest stands of desert ironwood in the world. The ironwood tree serves over 600 species of plants and animals by providing shade, food, perches, and shelter. Since it’s a legume, its roots host nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which enrich the soil.
  • While not yet considered to be threatened as a species, the population is decreasing rapidly in part because of its extremely slow recovering after exploitation.
  • The many indigenous and ethnic cultures of the Sonoran Desert value the ironwood tree as both a cultural and an ecological resource.
  • A significant concentration of desert ironwood (Olneya tesota) are found in Ironwood Forest, acting as a nurse plant and habitat modifier species in the Sonoran Desert.
  • After its designation in 2000, the communities in Pima County, Arizona neighboring the Ironwood Forest National Monument experienced strong growth: the population grew by 19%; jobs by 18%; real per capita income by 10%; and real personal income by 31%. Much of this population and job growth is due to people with service jobs (like doctors, engineers, and teachers) choosing to move to places with a high quality of life. Conserving public lands highlights the amenities that draw residents, tourists, and businesses to surrounding localities.

Katahdin Woods and Waters (Maine):

Sources: Sierra Club press release; Statement by Theresa Pierno, President and CEO of National Parks Conservation Association; testimony by Lucas St. Clair; The Wilderness Society press release

  • A statement by Theresa Pierno, President and CEO of National Parks Conservation Association, noted that, “Over a more than four year public engagement period, the opportunity to protect the lands as a national park site gained support from more than 200 Maine businesses and organizations including the Katahdin Area Chamber of Commerce, the Katahdin Rotary Club, the Greater Houlton Chamber of Commerce, the Bangor City Council and the Maine Innkeepers Association. Nearly 1,400 Maine residents joined a public meeting in Orono, Maine, most of whom supported national park designation for the lands.”
  • The land east of Maine’s Baxter State Park was bought by Burt’s Bees co-founder Roxanne Quimby, whose foundation donated it to the federal government. Her son, Lucas St. Clair, presented in defense of Katahdin Woods and Waters to the House Natural Resources Federal Lands Subcommittee, stating in part that advocates of a Katahdin national park “delivered more than 13,000 signatures in support,” that a public meeting in Orono drew 1400 Mainers, an “impressive turnout” for a “state where the population of 60% of our towns is less than 2000 residents.” He also noted that “of the roughly 400 handwritten comments collected at the meeting, approximately 95% supported a national monument.”
  • The Wilderness Society notes that Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument “includes vital habitat and migration corridors for moose, bear, lynx and Atlantic salmon as well as beloved outdoor recreation spots.”
  • The local economy, which had been suffering from the decline of the wood products industry, has reaped the benefits of heightened visibility as real estate sales and multi-season visitation are increasing.

Marianas Trench (CNMI/Pacific Ocean):

Sources: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Marianas Trench Marine National Monument (factsheet); Proclamation 8335; The Economic Impact of a Proposed Mariana Trench Marine National Monument (The Pew Charitable Trusts)

  • I am particularly concerned about the review of this marine national monument, given that the executive order under which it is being reviewed is entitled “Implementing An America-First Offshore Energy Strategy.” Offshore energy development will be particularly destructive to the ecology of this area.
  • The waters around the Northern Mariana Islands are some of the most biologically diverse in the Western Pacific—and they include the greatest diversity of hydrothermal vent life ever discovered. Greater biodiversity ensures the natural sustainability of all life forms, including human beings. One vent produces almost pure carbon dioxide (which has only been observed in one other location on Earth)
  • Some of the reefs in the monument are considered pristine and support large numbers of sharks and reef fish.
  • The monument protects many unique or rare habitats: reef habitats that require basalt (a type of volcanic rock that is not required by other reefs across the Pacific); the largest active mud volcanoes on Earth; a vent that produces almost pure carbon dioxide (which has only been observed in one other location on Earth); a crater which is one of only a few places on Earth where photosynthesising and chemosynthesising communities co-exist; and a pool of liquid sulfur (the only other known location of molten sulfur is on one of Jupiter’s moons, Io).
  • Prior to the designation, The Pew Charitable Trusts conservatively estimated “annual benefits of approximately $10 million in spending in comparison with annual costs of perhaps $1 million.”
  • Prior to the designation, The Pew Charitable Trusts assessed the economic impact of the monument. They noted, “There is a value associated with a fishing ban in the Monument area. Sanctuaries, in other words, support fisheries by offering a refuge that increases the fish stock, which might the nmigrate into areas that allow extractive activities.” and “The non-use values were clearly in the minds of the drafters of the CNMI constitution when Article XIV was formulated. While difficult to measure, it is this bequest value, or the value of keeping one’s options open, that is at the core of much of the preservation demonstrated by the designation of parks, sanctuaries, and monuments.”

Mojave Trails (California):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Northeast Canyons and Seamounts (Atlantic Ocean):

Sources: Audubon press release; NOAA press release; FACT SHEET: President Obama to Continue Global Leadership in Combatting Climate Change and Protecting Our Ocean by Creating the First Marine National Monument in the Atlantic Ocean; Proclamation

  • I am particularly concerned about the review of this marine national monument, given that the executive order under which it is being reviewed is entitled “Implementing An America-First Offshore Energy Strategy.” Offshore energy development will be particularly destructive to the ecology of this area.
  • The first and only marine national monument in the Atlantic Ocean, Northeast Canyons and Seamounts protects delicate deep-sea ecosystems off the coast of New England.
  • Northeast Canyons and Seamounts encompasses untouched underwater mountains and canyons and provides critical protections for important ecological resources and marine species, including deep-sea corals, and endangered whales and sea turtles.
  • Established to help to sustain the ocean ecosystems and fishing economies in these regions, Northeast Canyons and Seamounts is a sanctuary that supports fisheries by offering a refuge that increases the fish stock.
  • Its unique geological features that have been the focus of scientific study since the 1970s.
  • Northeast Canyons and Seamounts is home to: over 50 species of deep sea corals, including coral species not found anywhere else on Earth; other rare fish, invertebrates, and protected species like the endangered Kemp’s Ridley turtle; and many marine mammals, including sperm whales, fin whales, and sei whales, all endangered. Maine’s vulnerable Atlantic puffin frequents the canyon and seamount area.
  • Established in response to nearly 50 years of calls to protect the area, Northeast Canyons and Seamounts
  • These habitats are very sensitive to disturbance from extractive activities.
  • It includes three underwater canyons deeper than the Grand Canyon, which provide feeding grounds to many marine species (by moving nutrients) and influence the distribution patterns of migratory oceanic species as tuna, billfish, and sharks. It also includes four underwater mountains known as “seamounts” that are biodiversity hotspots and home to many rare and endangered species. The steep, complex topography of the seamount edges affect currents, providing plankton and other nutrients to the seamount communities.

Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks (New Mexico):

Sources: Organ Mountains Desert Peaks National Monument; Bureau of Land Management information; Recreation.gov information

  • This monument covers several types of terrains: mountains, canyons, deserts, grasslands, volcanic flows, and riparian areas.
  • Important cultural and historical features include ancient petroglyphs and archaeological sites, Spanish settlement on the Camino Real, Western history related to Billy the Kid, Geronimo, and the Butterfield Stagecoach route, sites for training for World War II bomber pilots and crews, and even training for the Apollo Space Program.
  • Many recreational opportunities are available, including camping, climbing, hiking, hunting, and mountain biking.
  • These activities draw visitors to the area and provide jobs and income to the region: an estimated $17 million and nearly 200 jobs according to a report prepared for the Las Cruces Chamber of Commerce.
  • A broad coalition of interests worked together to ensure the monument was created, including Native and Hispano groups. In a recent survey, 83% of local citizens expressed their support for the creation of the National Monument.

Pacific Remote Islands (Pacific Ocean):

Sources: Establishment of the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument – A Proclamation by the President of the United States of America (Presidential Proclamation 8336) (pdf); FACT SHEET: President Obama to Designate Largest Marine Monument in the World Off-Limits to Development; U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service’s Pacific Remote Islands: Marine National Monument | US Minor Outlying Islands

  • I am particularly concerned about the review of this marine national monument, given that the executive order under which it is being reviewed is entitled “Implementing An America-First Offshore Energy Strategy.” Offshore energy development will be particularly destructive to the ecology of this area.
  • These islands act as refuges, which are, as President Bush noted in his proclamation, “the most widespread collection of marine- and terrestrial-life protected areas on the planet under a single country’s jurisdiction.”
  • The refuges protect many species that are unique to the area (that is, they are not found anywhere else), including corals, fish, shellfish, marine mammals, seabirds, water birds, land birds, insects, and vegetation. Notably, the monument protects the Hawaiian Monk seal (endangered), the Hawksbill turtle (critically endangered) and the Green sea turtle (endangered).
  • The deep coral reefs, seamounts, and marine ecosystems are among the most vulnerable areas to the impacts of climate change and ocean acidification.
  • The seven atolls that make up this monument are further from people (specifically, population centers) than any other U.S. area.
  • At least 323 species of fish are supported by the monument area, including several species which are globally depleted [e.g. the Napoleon wrasse (Chelinus) and the Bumphead parrotfish (Bolbometapon)].
  • Due to the Equatorial Undercurrent that creates localized nutrient-rich upwellings in shallows next to the island, the fish biomass of the monument area is 16 times that of the main Hawaiian islands, creating a predator-dominated system with extreme biodiversity. There are only six islands in the entire Pacific Ocean where this phenomenon is possible. The three islands included in the monument contain a biomass of top predators which exceeds that of the Great Barrier Reef or Kenyan Marine Protected Areas. Endangering this irreplaceable biodiversity would be irresponsible. Greater biodiversity ensures the natural sustainability of all life forms, including human beings.
  • As President Bush’s proclamation noted, “Palmyra Atoll and Kingman Reef are known to be among the most pristine coral reefs in the world, with a fully structured inverted food web. Kingman Reef is the most pristine of any reef under U.S. jurisdiction. They are ideal laboratories for assessing effects of climate change without the difficulty of filtering anthropogenic impacts.”

Papah&‌#257;naumoku&‌#257;kea (Hawaii/Pacific Ocean), or the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument:

From the Citizen’s Guide to Papahanaumokuakea (pdf):

  • Part of why President Bush issued his proclamation designating this area was the more than 52,000 public comments submitted during the five-year national marine sanctuary designation process, the majority of which were in favor of strong protection.
  • Papah&‌#257;naumoku&‌#257;kea is the first mixed (both natural and cultural) UNESCO World Heritage Site in the United States.
  • About 25% of the marine species in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) are not found anywhere but the Hawaiian Archipelago, and at Pearl and Hermes, Midway and Kure atolls over half of the fish populations are composed of unique species.
  • The coral reefs shelter hundreds of thousands of species, protect Hawaiian shores from storms, and shape the waves that created the sport of surfing, a huge driver of tourism.
  • With the Great Barrier Reef dying from bleaching and other coral reefs around the world in decline, the vast and healthy coral reefs here are even more vital to the health and biological diversity of our oceans. Given their fragile structure, the reefs are very susceptible to damage from overfishing and shoreline development, which are bound to occur if Papah&‌#257;naumoku&‌#257;kea’s status as a marine national monument is revoked.
  • A 2002 study estimated the value of these coral reefs to Hawaii’s economy at $364 million.
  • Each year; the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) provide predator-free breeding sites for grey-backed tern, short-tailed albatross, Laysan albatross, black-footed albatross, red-tailed tropicbird, and other seabirds, and the last safe nesting places for species like Bonin petrels and Tristram’s storm-petrels, since islands in other parts of the Pacific are becoming infested with rats which are likely to continue to spread if the area is not protected from development.
  • The endangered Nihoa finch, Nihoa millerbird, and Laysan finch, and the world’s rarest duck species, the Laysan Duck, are found on the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI).
  • Nihoa Island is one of the most biologically pristine islands in the world, and closely represents the original appearance and native species found before humans arrived.

Rio Grande del Norte (New Mexico):

  • The Wilderness Society notes that the Rio Grande del Norte National Monument “protects some of the most ecologically significant lands in northern New Mexico, including habitat for elk, bald eagle, peregrine falcon and great horned owl.”
  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Rose Atoll (American Samoa/Pacific Ocean):

Sources: Bush Conserves Vast Areas of Pacific Ocean as Monuments; Establishment of the Rose Atoll Marine National Monument; U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Rose Atoll Marine National Monument

  • I am particularly concerned about the review of this marine national monument, given that the executive order under which it is being reviewed is entitled “Implementing An America-First Offshore Energy Strategy.” Offshore energy development will be particularly destructive to the ecology of this area.
  • The atoll is home to a diverse group of terrestrial and marine species, many of which are threatened or endangered, and supports about 100 species of corals. Some species have worldwide populations that have declined by as much as 98%, but are found in abundance in the atoll, including giant clams (conservation dependent), Maori wrasse (endangered), large parrotfishes, blacktip reef sharks (near threatened), whitetip reef sharks (near threatened), and gray reef sharks (near threatened). The area also provides isolated and undisturbed nesting grounds for the largest number of nesting turtles in American Samoa.
  • The shallow reefs are dominated by crustose coralline algae, unique among Somoan islands.
  • Rose Atoll is one of the least-visited places in the world, making it uniquely pristine, and invaluable for biological and geological studies.
  • Rose Atoll supports 97% of the seabird population of American Samoa, including 12 federally-protected migratory seabirds, five species of federally protected shorebirds, and a migrant forest bird, the long-tailed cuckoo. The atoll protects rare species of nesting petrels, shearwaters, and terns.
  • Rose Island is home to the only flowering plant Pisonia forest community remaining in Samoa.
  • The early Polynesians of Samoa likely visited the atoll periodically over the past 1000 years or more. Several species, such as the giant clam, were used for cultural celebrations and events.

San Gabriel Mountains (California):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Sand to Snow (California):

Sources: Presidential Proclamation; The Wildlands Conservancy: Sand to Snow National Monument; updated conservation status via Wikipedia, Centre for Biological Diversity, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, and the ECOS Environmental Conservation Online System.

  • The park protects a significant wildlife corridor between the Joshua Tree National Park, the Bighorn Mountain Wilderness area, and the San Bernardino National Forest/San Gorgonio Wilderness area.
  • Sand to Snow includes a convergence of three distinct ecosystems: the California chaparral and woodlands, the Mojave Desert to the east, and the Sonoran Desert. Over 1,600 different plant species are native to the range.
  • Sand to Snow is the most botanically-rich national monument in the United States. It includes species from the Mojave and Sonoran deserts, chaparral (a shrub land or heathland plant community), oak woodland, coniferous forest, and alpine ecosystems.
  • The area protects 12 federally-listed threatened and endangered animal species, including the endangered Arroyo toad, Coachella Valley fringe-toed lizard, Mountain Yellow-legged frog, peninsular bighorn sheep, San Bernardino Merriam’s kangaroo rat, Santa Ana sucker, and unarmored threespine stickleback. It’s also famous for its oases frequented by over 240 species of birds, including the endangered Least Bell’s vireo, southwestern willow flycatcher, and Yuma clapper rail. Additionally, 32 species of migratory birds of conservation concern live in the Sand to Snow area, including eagles, falcons, hummingbirds, owls, sparrows, and woodpeckers.
  • Human history in the area extends back thousands of years. The Cahuilla Indians, the Gabrielino Indians, and the Luiseño Indians consider the San Gorgonio Mountain to be sacred.

Sonoran Desert (Arizona):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Upper Missouri River Breaks (Montana):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

Vermilion Cliffs (Arizona):

  • Talking points and sources coming soon.

 

More Sources:

Many thanks to Roz Spafford, Anne Gregory, and David R. Stokes for their research assistance.

I am such crap at remembering to update this site.

I’ll poke my head in from time to time, but if you really want to know what I’m up to, head on over to Upper Rubber Boot Books, or follow me on Facebook.

Snow day

It’s a snow day, Tennessee-style (which means we’ll get maybe two cm of snow, but tons of ice which we don’t have the infrastructure to combat), so I am home from work.

I’ve got a bunch of changes in my professional life planned for 2016: I am minimizing the number of titles Upper Rubber Boot Books puts out every year (in 2015, we had 5 titles including two anthologies I edited or co-edited, and in 2014 we had 11 titles—9 were short stories so less work than a full-length book, but still). For 2016 and 2017, I will be releasing two titles only: Floodgate and an anthology. 2016’s anthology is The Museum of All Things Awesome and That Go Boom, an adventure sci-fi anthology I am also editing (Facebook updates here), and 2017’s is not announced yet (but stuff is happening, and that one I won’t be editing).

All of this is in the service of being able to write more. I want to keep this site more updated, instead of (or in addition to) posting all my thoughts to social media where they effectively disappear after a few days. I have ideas for three different novels, two of which I’ve written a bit on, and about 20 short stories, and I need to do some writing (probably mostly poetry, and some non-fiction) about my trip to Kenya.

My day job is supporting four otolaryngologists (ENT doctors) who mostly concentrate on head and neck cancers and other issues of the head and neck. (I do a bunch of other stuff too, like running some lecture series, etc., but that’s not important for the purposes of this story.) They have medical missions in Africa (currently: Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda) and took me to Malindi, Kenya this past October to help with their two-week surgical camp in Tawfiq Hospital.

The University of Nairobi has an ENT residency, and Kenya has about 60 practicing ENT surgeons. What they don’t have is an equivalent for our head and neck fellowship program, and the State of Tennessee makes it difficult for us to provide fellowship training to doctors whose residency was done outside the US and Canada because we have to jump through too many hoops to get such doctors credentialed for it to be practicable. We have cobbled together some extra training for these surgeons which consists of them doing visiting observational scholarships at our hospital (observational means they don’t touch patients, because of the licensure/credentialing issue) and also attending our surgical camps, where we concentrate on education, so the surgeries are done by our doctors and their doctors in concert. The patients pay nothing, which is a tremendous benefit to them because surgical care is so expensive in relation to the average salary.

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The power keeps going out; they have a backup generator for the OR but not for the clinic. Here we’re using a surgical headlamp as a flashlight.
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A big keloid (a kind of scar that keeps growing). If I remember correctly, this patient had had jaw surgery and this keloid grew from his incision. Keloids are benign, but can cause problems—this one was painfully pulling on his face. Keloids are very common in Kenya, not for environmental reasons (afaik anyway) as people keep assuming when I tell them this but because they’re something like fifteen times as common in African-descended people than in Caucasians. As you might guess, Africa has a few more Africans than the US does; we saw a lot of keloids.
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Typical breakfast, including arrowroot, passionfruit, and these great little bananas that were way more flavourful than ours (and pineapple that was almost flavourless).
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A Swahili adult literacy class I was lucky enough to attend. The Caris Foundation, who paid for our hotel and helped a lot with logistics, took a group of us to see their other local projects.
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Bank book for a microfinance group for single mothers who run their own businesses. They had spent ten months paying back a 5,000 shilling (US$50) loan and had paid back 2,600 shillings in that time.
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We had the weekend off, and I went with a smaller group on a safari (privately paid for by each of us). Yay elephant!
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Giraffe.
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Lions.
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NBD, just me hanging out in Africa.

It was an amazing, humbling experience, and as I get pieces published about it, I’ll be sure to link to them.

In writing news: Choose Wisely: 35 Women Up To No Good, which I co-edited with H. L. Nelson, was nominated earlier in January for the This Is Horror Award (voting ends January 24—go vote now if you liked it!). That was really cool, and also surprising since I hadn’t been thinking of it as a horror anthology. We’d been marketing it as “dark fiction.” But once it was pointed out, I realized it’s totally horror—it contains slashers and zombies and people turning into animals and so forth—it’s just also genre-crossing. I’ll be surprised if it wins (the other anthology nominees are all really good too and probably better known) but it was lovely just to be nominated. ChooseWiselycover-print-front-1500

Two new anthologies

I edited and co-edited, respectively, two new anthologies that came out in March from my press, Upper Rubber Boot Books: How to Live on Other Planets: A Handbook for Aspiring Aliens and Choose Wisely: 35 Women Up To No Good (with H. L. Nelson).

Goodness it’s a ghost town

Have only just realized it’s been nearly a year since I’ve updated. I’m very active at Facebook, and otherwise my time has been basically completely subsumed by my press Upper Rubber Boot Books (website; FB; Tumblr; Twitter) and hiking. I expect it’ll be awhile before I update again since I only think to do so when I get something published, and I haven’t been writing let alone submitting, because of URB keeping me so busy.

For fun, here are some photos from my life for the past year.

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Hard-to-see Canada geese at
Old Stone Fort Archeological State Park, May 2014.

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Me with Ben from Said the Whale
at Mercy Lounge, May 2014.

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Author Roundtable at Hypericon, June 2014.

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Me with my folks, in Eastern Pasage,
Nova Scotia, July 2014.

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Baby kangaroo in my arms,
North Georgia Zoo, July 2014.

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With my friend Anne in front
of the Step Falls (Little Duck River),
Old Stone Fort Archeological State Park,
November 2014.

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White-tailed deer,
Percy Priest Lake,
Long Hunter State Park, November 2014.

Leaves on the Shelby Bottoms Greenway, November 2014.

November leaves on the
Shelby Bottoms Greenway.

Intermittent Visitors: Simon Kewin

Engn Cover 528 x 800   Simon Kewin was born and raised on the misty Isle of Man, but now lives and works deep in rural England. He divides his time between writing SF/fantasy fiction and computer software. He has had around fifty short stories published in a variety of magazines and anthologies, along with a similar number of poems. He has a degree in English Literature from the Open University.

He is currently learning to play the electric guitar. It’s not going that well, frankly.

He lives with Alison, their two daughters Eleanor and Rose, and a black cat called Morgan to which he is allergic.

 

What is your writing process?

I write every day, although it can be tough fitting that in and around everything else. Some days I only manage 30 minutes. If I don’t manage any I start to get antsy. I’ve basically gotten used to grabbing any time I can here and there and my family are very good at giving me a little space. I envy madly those people who can spend all day writing, but on the other hand there’s nothing like knowing you’ve only got very limited time to focus your mind. If I did have hours and hours each day, it would be interesting to find out how much more I write. One day, that’s something I shall discover…

 

What’s some writing advice you’ve received, that works for you?

I’m wary of writing advice, I have to say, because I find it tends to make me think I’m doing lots of stuff badly and that’s a creativity killer. The most basic advice for any writer is to read a lot and write a lot and I don’t think you can go far wrong with that. And then just be true to yourself. And, yes, the adverb thing. I do find it useful to think about my next idea/chapter/scene when I’m not writing and then, when I do sit down, I know where I’m going to start. Even just the first sentence will do. Then I’m not faced with a blank page and that little blinking cursor…

 

Can you say a little bit about the genesis of your most recent book?

Engn is a kind of fantasy book—although it has no magic or fantasy beasts in it. It’s a sort of alternative-world steampunkish sort of book. One or two people have compared it to Gormenghast, and that’s something that pleases me beyond measure. As to its genesis, it was basically the collision of two unrelated ideas. I find a lot of stories start like that: what happens if I take this idea and this idea and smash them together? So, I had the idea of a vast, steam-powered, city-sized machine that people live and work within. It is huge and incomprehensible and strange. It seemed like it could be a pretty good setting for an adventure story. The other idea was to do with being true to youthful ideals. I imagined two young people making promises to each other about what they’re going to do with their lives and the question becomes, do they remain faithful to that or do they move on?

 

How much research do you do?

Very little. I write mostly fantasy and SF because you can just make it all up. I will obviously check facts where I need to. With Engn, there’s quite a bit of stuff about steam engines and the like and, while it is a made-up (probably impossible) world, I did try to stick to realistic details for the machinery. My father, as it happens, is an engineer and knows a lot about this sort of thing. He spotted only one mistake, to do with a soldering iron, which I was pleased about…

 

Have you had to sacrifice anything in the rest of your life to write?

Time, money and helpless animals. I’m kidding about the last one.

 

Why do you write?

I don’t know. It’s just what I do. My question would be why don’t some people write?

 

This interview is part of Intermittent Visitors: a multi-author blog tour.

Intermittent Visitors: Lucas Stensland

FunAgain   Lucas Stensland’s most recent book is Fun Again, a collection of short poems from Yet To Be Named Free Press (UK). In 2011 he co-authored my favorite thing (bottle rockets press), which was shortlisted for the Touchstone Distinguished Book Award. He is the co-founder of Montague Street Journal: The Art of Bob Dylan and author of the novel Name Your Poison. He lives in Brooklyn with his cats Delia and Sadie.

I was delighted to get to interview Stensland, who I know from his submissions to 7×20 (which I used to edit). And I blurbed his book! I said, “Stensland writes with an unerring ear for the rhythms of marriage and breakups. His haiku are fierce, uncompromising, and will inspire you to read them aloud to the stranger sitting next to you at the bar. Pointed and funny, these short poems don’t spare anybody, including the poet, from his sharp wit.”

 

Can you say a little bit about the genesis of your most recent book?

I submitted some poems about a year ago for consideration in an anthology Yet To Be Named Free Press was doing about, I think, mental health issues. Brendan Slater, its editor, rejected all of my poems, but said he enjoyed them; they just didn’t fit the tenor of the collection. I believe he singled out the below as ones he enjoyed.

I’ve always had
the same penis
she’s had others

and

one night stand
two
too many

He asked if I’d be interested in putting together a proposal for a book of humorous short poems. It grew and shifted direction from there.

Though in the end the book morphed into a sort of chronology of breaking up and drinking through long and wasted years, I tried to maintain a droll tone—especially with riffraff poems, the stand-alone jocular ones that didn’t further the narrative. The end, in a way, is upbeat—but I wanted to avoid any kind of disingenuous statements of eternity: that life will now be free of strife. Fun Again isn’t about twelve-stepping, getting sober or finding true love. It’s just about a struggle to have and be fun again.

 

What is your writing process?

I used to carry tiny notebooks with me, in my back pocket or bag. I was a lot more prolific when I did. It stopped a few years back when I got a smartphone. Now I write in its notepad app. With my phone I look much less pretentious when writing in public, but I write far less. My smaller turn-out isn’t entirely blamed on my adoption of the smartphone, but writing with pen and paper was more enjoyable and yielded greater results. I liked having a history of all my drafts in tiny notebooks. But I got lazy and now just phone it in.

 

Which writers inspire you?

I like simple, direct writing. My taste in literature is pretty stereotypical for my demographic. I’m fairly certain thirtysomething men living in Brooklyn are issued Bukowski and Carver books by the State Department. And I fall in line. As for Carver, I always preferred his Gordon Lish-edited works. In college when I read Carver’s “Fat” and got to the unexpected end (“‘My life is going to change. I feel it’.”), I understood I was reading something special, something that didn’t leave me cold like all that magical realism or Milan Kundera or Tom Robbins. I never cared for Bukowski’s poetry, but I loved his novels. The end of Women where he feeds the pregnant cat influenced me a lot; it was subtle and organic, and it did not draw attention to itself in a precious literary way.

 

This interview is part of Intermittent Visitors: a multi-author blog tour.

Intermittent Visitors: Ranbir Singh Sidhu

  Ranbir Singh Sidhu was born in London and studied archaeology at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of Good Indian Girls (HarperCollins India/Soft Skull Press), a collection of stories (which has its own Tumblr!), and Deep Singh Blue, a novel (forthcoming 2014). He is a winner of the Pushcart Prize in Fiction and a New York Foundation for the Arts Fellowship, and other awards. His plays include True East, Conquistadors, and Sangeet. His fiction appears in The Georgia Review, Fence, Zyzzyva, The Missouri Review, Other Voices, Alaska Quarterly Review, The Barcelona Review and other journals and anthologies. Stories are forthcoming in The Happy Hypocrite (UK) and The Literary Review (USA).

 

What is your writing process?

Messy and undisciplined, with no clear schedules. I write in bed when I can, and I often try and get away and write while traveling, where I can keep the laptop next to my head, wake, sit up with some pillows behind my back and pull the computer onto my lap and get immediately to work, often still half-asleep and remembering dreams. Last year, I was very fortunate to be able to spend several months living on Crete and in Berlin, which was marvelous. The latter city was far more productive, but the Greek island much more beautiful. When I feel I’m becoming too sedentary, I use an improvised standing desk, usually built onto a dresser at home. I hate sitting and writing. I suspect the latter reminds me of awful days as a child in school in England when I felt locked into a desk while a faceless teacher droned on about something useless at the head of the class.

 

What’s some writing advice you’ve received, that works for you?

I’ve never received writing advice that was worth anything, and as a rule, I’d advise any writer starting out to ignore all the advice they’re given (there’s advice for you!). What has been important to me are the times I’ve worked with great editors. Three come to mind: Stanley Lindberg, the former editor of The Georgia Review; Monique Wittig, the French avant-garde novelist; and Lynne Tillman, the novelist and former ficton editor at Fence. All three were invaluable to me as a writer at various times in my life. As I was editing the manuscript of my new collection of stories recently, the one question I kept returning to was: What would Lynne Tillman do? This is amusing as this question is also the title of Lynne’s new book and at the heart of a viral poster campaign in New York City (so that I find myself walking down the street and discover the question shouting back at me from a wall). During the editing process, I took the question very seriously. If I thought Lynne would cut a line, out it would go. I am sure the book is much stronger for it.

 

Which writers inspire you?

I’ll give one example, though there are many. I remember reading the Scots writer Alasdair Gray’s epic novel Lanark when it was first released in the US in 1985 and knowing immediately that he had done everything I ever wanted to do, and done it much better. It was both extremely exciting and terrifying, because that novel was so good, so monumental, so all-encompassing, that it was a tremendous thrill to read, but it also left me with the feeling that I could never surpass, perhaps never come close, to what he achieved. I still hold Gray’s singular accomplishment as one of the stars I guide my writing life by, and I hope, with each passing book, that I come a little closer to its unique brilliance.

 

This interview is part of Intermittent Visitors: a multi-author blog tour.

Intermittent Visitors: Kasey Jueds

  Kasey Jueds’s poetry has appeared in numerous publications, including Crab Orchard Review, Barrow Street, 5 A.M. and Verse Daily. She has been awarded residencies at the Virginia Center for the Creative Arts, Soapstone, and the Ucross Foundation. A native of Coral Gables, Florida, she lives in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her debut collection, Keeper, is from the Pitt Poetry Series.

 

What is your writing process?

For such a long time, it’s been the same, or at least very similar. I write meandering sorts of notes in longhand, in my journal, and write them over and over again until (maybe) lines start to emerge, music, something that feels like a poem. And then I write that over and over again, sifting and revising and moving things around. I try to keep whatever it is (I don’t even call things “poems” until I’ve worked with them for ages) open for as long as possible—open in the sense of being still malleable and pliable and able to be entered. I don’t type things up until I start to have a stronger sense of the poem being, in some essential way, the way it wants to be. (I’m weirdly superstitious about the typing part—once I do that, the poem starts to feel more fixed!) And once I’ve put a poem into a word doc I still type it over and over, although at that stage I’m mostly fiddling at the level of words and line breaks and not making big radical changes.

That process (long drawn-out, rather serious) has taught me so much, and it’s how I’ve worked ever since I’ve started to make poems. But now that the book is done, and almost published, I’m realizing I would love to experience more play in my process of writing. I don’t want to abandon that older, more familiar (yet still always strange and new and surprising) way of making; most of the poems that feel most alive to me have involved time and patience and a certain amount of mental/emotional pressure. And at the same time, I know I can be way, way too serious. I can press so hard I squeeze the life out of poems. I would love to open the door to more light-heartedness, more joy (because there is joy in writing as well as tremendous anxiety and fear and discouragement and all the rest). More play. I was recently so moved by this interview with Sarah Arvio: her process sounds so intuitive, so open and trusting. If I could shift even a little bit in that direction, I would be very happy.

Oh, and since I love hearing this sort of detail from other writers, I write with a fountain pen (I have two cheap ones and a more expensive version, and they—and the bottles of gorgeous ink—are among my favorite possessions), and in a notebook (Moleskines are beautiful but I can’t use them because their paper doesn’t work with fountain pen ink… so I have a variety of other types, some with graph-paper-like pages and some with lines and some blank), and then on a MacBook Pro (which I love very dearly, as well).

I also write aided by many cups of tea.

 

Can you say a little bit about the genesis of your most recent book?

My most recent book is my only book… and I think I wrote it in a very old-fashioned way. I worked on it for a long time (ten years? maybe longer—it’s hard to say exactly when it started to be a “book” or at least a book-in-progress). I tried to look at it periodically as a whole, and periodically I took out old poems that didn’t seem to be working any more, and added newer ones. I shifted poems around (though the first and last poems have been where they are for a long time). I looked at images and how the images in one poem seemed to speak to those in the poem that followed, and how each poem looks on the page, the form it takes, and how that might speak to the shape of the next poem. I didn’t have any sort of conscious idea or theme around which I was trying to shape a manuscript. So many of the books I love and admire are made that way: they seem to have grown up organically, with a mixture of conscious and unconscious work, around a particular something: a topic, a subject. They feel of-one-piece. But my book is much more hodge-podge (that’s largely what I meant by “old-fashioned”), which is why I have such a hard time describing what it’s about when people ask. But I need to get better about this! It’s kind when people ask, and it’s also a very normal sort of question. So I guess it’s about my obsessions, which are not especially unusual ones: intimacy and relationship (with people, yes, but also with animals, landscape, the natural world) and mystery and longing.

 

What are your marketing and promotion habits?

I want to say I don’t have any, but that’s not true anymore! I have been trying very hard, very consciously, to develop these—because my natural tendency is to want to hide in my apartment and pretend nothing is happening, when it comes to things like promoting the book. But I have been lucky in having a very generous friend who is helping me with publicity. She’s encouraging and supportive and working with her has made me focus on this in a way that feels like it’s helping me to grow. She’s helping me find places to read, and I’m working on that myself, too. Another kind friend helped design a website for me. I use Twitter. I’m also lucky in that the publicity department at the University of Pittsburgh Press is amazing. It’s all important. I would never have found some of the books that are most dear to me (many of which are not published by big presses) if they hadn’t been publicized and promoted. And I’m so grateful for the presence of those books in my life. So: this matters. Definitely.

 

Which writers inspire you?

Emily Dickinson, George Herbert, Gerard Manley Hopkins. Rilke.

Jane Hirshfield, Jane Kenyon, Linda Gregg.

They are all long-time companions, people whose work I go to again and again. But I’m also inspired by so many contemporary poets. One of my teachers in graduate school, Suzanne Gardinier, told us that there are times to read in a tightly focused way, to read favorite writers over and over. And then there are times to “cast your net widely,” to read anything and everything—and to read against the grain, read things you wouldn’t normally gravitate towards. When I am in that second, more expansive place, I can feel inspired by many, many writers, and it seems to me there is so much work out there to love. I am inspired by the fact that so many people are writing, when so much in our culture works against it.

I am inspired by my friends who write, who make art—by the beauty and the intelligence of their work, and by the fact of their working, their dedication and courage.

 

Why do you write?

I love this question! And I think my answer is pretty unoriginal: on some level, I do feel that I write because I have to. I have been through periods of not-writing, for various reasons, and while not-writing is, in some ways, easier, it also makes me feel less alive. Making poems feels like making containers for the many feelings and experiences that, if it weren’t for the poem, would have nowhere to go, nowhere to be. All the emotions that are nameless and formless and messy and huge, that seem to ask for something to hold them, to give them a structure, a home. I think I need to make poems because I need to make homes for those things that would otherwise be homeless.

 

This interview is part of Intermittent Visitors: a multi-author blog tour.